Islamic Calligraphy Part 10 - Tughra
Initially, writing forms were not used in a special way to fill in space, and most of the forms were tied to people or places, then in the 18th century, the Turks changed things with the tughra (Tughra) and the related writing style.
At first, tughra forms were used only for writing sacred names, titles, Quranic quotes, opening words, usually, even then special shapes were formed from writing, and from then on writing ceased to be mere writing.
Not only did it serve as a line, but during the writing, parrots, storks, hens, rare birds, and even elephants in secular texts in India were formed from the writing.
But before I continue, let's see some of these :)
A beautiful Bismillah in Tughra writing:
And now a hen consisting only of scattered letters:
Then a special bird:
Then an elephant:
A particularly popular form was the lion, from which the name of Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) or the prayer of Nadi (Hazrat) Ali (be pleased with Allah) was also formed. Because Ali (Allah be pleased with him) was also called the Lion of Allah among the Shiitas.
Well let’s see the name of Nadi Ali (Allah be pleased with him) locked in a lion:
The Turks used Aj i Yildiz (the crescent and the star) in which they usually put the shahada, but I have also seen advertising materials like this:
There are other specialties like Ayat ul Kursi, in the form of an entire mosque with a minaret:
What else is really interesting to me is when people are drawn like this, e.g. Yasser Arafat, or Ernesto Che Guevara, who has been very popular lately :)
Of course, this is not the end of the line. Lots of shapes and shapes are almost everything imaginable. Cars, motorcycles, and other objects too, essentially anything. In essence, I think this is the culmination of the development of calligraphy, and the most beautiful part because they no longer see merely writing, but writing
they are locked into a picture, and whoever does not even understand the writing itself, the picture does.
After all, a horse, an elephant, a known man, a carriage, or a whole scene in the savannah, a picture of life. It has the same meaning for those who do not understand Arabic - the meaning of the picture itself.
He who understands the text, on the other hand, means more than a mere image, which is pleasing to the eye.
Finally, I close my lines with one of my favorite pictures.
Hoping you enjoyed this little series and got the urge to deal with the beauty of Calligraphy. If you have any questions, feel free to write and the Admin will forward them to my address.
Allah bless you :)